Enema solutions applied in an intrarectal manner with a stainless steel gavage BD-10 probe into one-day-old broiler chicks at 0.2 m L at a distance of 1.5 cm proved to be a reliable method.
Enema is a technical procedure that consists in rectal or colonic administration of several drugs that require rapid systemic absorption such as anticonvulsants, analgesics, antiemetics, anesthetic, and antibacterial agents .
In a broncho-fiberscope, the operating channel can also be used for insufflation or irrigation.
The hand piece contains the deflection control knobs and locks, the opening to the working channel, and the suction valves for air or water in a gastro-fiberscope.
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Laboratory of Investigative and Comparative Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), 18618-970 Botucatu, SP, Brazil Received 11 October 2011; Accepted 3 January 2012Academic Editor: Takaaki Arigami Copyright © 2012 Guilherme Augusto Marietto-Gonçalves et al.
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