In 1935, a small fragment—four verses of St John’s Gospel, chapter 18—came to light; it is true to our text, and it is dated c. No one would ever have thought of questioning the integrity of the Gospel texts, but for the fact that they contain a Divine Law of belief and conduct, irksome to the irreligious. “In short, the latest dates that can be admitted are around 50 for Mark, …
Whoever would dismiss the New Testament must logically reject all written sources of ancient history and literature. around 55 for Completed Mark; around 55-60 for Matthew; between 58 and 60 for Luke.
Although some scholars disagree, the vast majority of researchers believe that Mark was the first Gospel to be written, sometime around the year 70.
There is an unbroken chain of writers discussing the New Testament that goes back to soon after the Gospels were written.
The writings of the church fathers are referred to as "the tradition" or as "patristic sources" in most discussions of this subject. All information from after this time either depends on earlier available sources or is suspect because we are unable to determine what the earlier sources are.
Another codex of the 5th century contains three-fifths of the N. D.: portions of 19 verses of St Matthew; papyri of St John’s Gospel containing twelve complete chapters and portions of the other nine; 86 leaves of a codex containing portions of St Paul’s letters. Carmignac names forty-nine scholars who uphold the Semitic origin of one or other of the Gospels. This figure does not include the even more numerous early manuscripts of translations into Latin, Syriac, Coptic, Armenian, Georgian, Ethiopian, Gothic, Old Church Slavonic and other languages. Mazon, Introduction à l’Iliade, Société d’Édition Les Belles Lettres, Paris 1959, pp.7-65. The Life of Christ, Bruce, Milwaukee 1947, pp.98-141 Redating the New Testament, SCM Press, London 1976, p.345 Idem, p.13 Idem, p.352 Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke, op. Oral Tradition and Written Transmission in Rabbinic Judaism and Early Christianity, Gleerup, Uppsala, Sweden 1961; Préhistoire des Évangiles, Cerf, Paris 1981; The Gospel Tradition, Gleerup, Lund 1986 Memory and Manuscript, op.
T., and another of the 4-5th century contains the four Gospels. books, dating from the 2nd-4th century, have been discovered in Egypt. From the early 3rd century we have: portions of 30 leaves with parts of the Gospels and Acts; a papyrus codex containing eight complete chapters of St Luke and five complete chapters of St John. He adduces multiple examples of Semitisms, and divides them into nine categories: Semitisms of borrowing, imitation, thought, vocabulary, syntax, style, composition, transmission, and translation. All manuscript statistics of the ancient classics are taken from the introductions to the critical editions of these texts published by Société d’Édition Les Belles Lettres, Paris. cit., p.328 The Gospel Tradition, Blackwell, Oxford 1970 R. Gundry, The Use of the Old Testament in St Matthew’s Gospel, Brill, Leiden 1967; E. Goodspeed, Matthew, Apostle and Evangelist, Winston, Philadelphia 1959; R.